Root Canal Treatment
Endodontic Therapy (which is also known as Root Canal Therapy or Treatment) is a sequence of treatment for the pulp of a tooth, which results in the elimination of infection and the protection of the decontaminated tooth from future microbial invasion. The centre of each tooth consists of a chamber, called the pulp chamber. This chamber holds the blood vessels and nerves (known as pulp tissue) which keep the tooth afsse structures, the subsequent shaping, cleaning, and decontamination of the hollows with small files and irrigating solutions, and the obturation (filling) of the decontaminated canals.
Root Canal Treatments are successful in over 95% of completed cases with skilled Dental Professionals. The outcome depends on a range of different issues which include the cooperation, anatomy, health and healing capacity of the patient, type and quantity of bacteria present in the mouth and in the root canal system, difficulty of access to the tooth and the positioning of the tooth and previous restorations.
For Root Canal Prices see our Prices page.
To understand a Root Canal Procedure, it helps to know about the anatomy of the tooth.Inside the tooth, under the white enamel is a hard layer called the Dentin. This is soft tissue called the pulp. The pulp contains blood vessels, nerves and connective tissues which helps to grow the root of your tooth during development. In a fully developed tooth, the tooth can survive without the pulp because the tooth continues to be nourished by the tissues surrounding it.
Root Canal (Endodontic) Treatment – is the process of removing the infected/dying pulp from the tooth and filling the root canals with a sealant material. The number of root canals varies from 1 – 4 and all open into the pulp chamber. During appointments, a thin latex sheet (rubber dam) is used to isolate the tooth from bacteria in the mouth. An opening is created in the tooth to access the pulp chamber and root canals. The canals are cleaned and shaped using very fine instruments (called files) which are manipulated by hand and drill.
Full treatment occurs over a number of visits (usually between 2 and 3) to ensure the removal of all debris from the root canals, and allow for bone healing. Special antibiotic dressings are placed in the root canals between visits to destroy bacteria and promote bone healing. Temporary fillings are placed in the teeth to seal the internal aspects of the tooth from saliva.
When it has been determined that the canals are free of infection, they are filled with a special rubber-like material and sealant. It may take several months before healing is completed and for the tooth to become totally pain free. In some cases, a Crown (see Crowns) may need to be used to cover the tooth that has been treated.